After passing the state examination in dentistry and completion of the doctoral grade (PHD), future specialists in orthodontics CH are requested to practice general dentistry for at least one year at a university clinic or private practice.

Thereafter they undergo four years of specialization at one of the four Swiss Dental University Clinics, which is a full-time controlled clinical and scientific programme.

Following completion of the four-year specialization, future specialists in orthodontics are then requested to submit several fully documented treatment cases to an expert commission of the Swiss Dental Association (SSO) and pass an oral and written examination to obtain the specialist designation in orthodontics CH.

In other European states duration and depth of education can vary substantially. For additional details visit www.swissortho.ch